Home Windows Listi ya Executable File Extensions

Listi ya Executable File Extensions

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Faili yenye executable file extension ina maana kwamba muundo wa faili (file format) ina uwezo wa kuendesha kazi moja kwa moja (automatic task). Hii ni tofauti na aina nyingine ya mafaili ambayo yanaonyesha tu data, kucheza sauti au video, nk.

Kwa maneno mengine, ukifungua faili na moja ya file extensions hizi, kompyuta yako inaweza, bila ruhusa yako ya kuendelea, kurun shughuli moja au zaidi iliyopangwa kwenye faili hiyo.

Shughuli hizo za ziada zitakubalika na zinahitajika ikiwa, kwa mfano, ungeendesha programu iliyowekwa kwa ajili ya software program ya bure iliyopakuliwa kutoka kwenye tovuti inayoaminika.

Shughuli hizo zinaweza kuwa na uharibifu ikiwa, kwa mfano, unatumia faili iliyoambukizwa na virusi ambayo umeipokea kupitia barua pepe kutoka kwa mtu usiyemjua.

Muhimu: Chukua tahadhari kabla ya kufungua faili yoyote inayoweza kutekelezwa (executable file), hasa zile unazozipokea kwenye barua pepe usizoziamini au kupakuliwa kutoka kwenye tovuti zisizojulikana.

Kumbuka: Hii sio orodha kamili ya executable file extensions, wala si orodha ya aina za faili za hatari lakini zisizoweza kutekelezwa (non-executable file). Ikiwa unajua zaidi ya kuhusu executable file formats au unaamini ipo inayostahili mabadiliko katika ngazi ya hatari, napenda unijulishe ili tuweze kuijadili.

High-Risk File Extensions

Nimepima aina za faili zifuatazo kama zenye Hatari kubwa kwa sababu kimsingi kompyuta zote zilizo na operating system iliyowekwa zina uwezo wa kutekeleza amri (commands) zilizomo kwenye faili inayoweza kutekelezwa (executable file).

Kwa maneno mengine, faili zenye extensions zilizoorodheshwa hapa chini zinaweza kutekelezwa na sehemu za msingi za Windows, Mac OS, Linux, nk.

Hakuna programu ya ziada inayohitajika.

Extension Format Operating System(s)
ACTION Automator Action Mac OS
APK Application Android
APP Executable Mac OS
BAT Batch File Windows
BIN Binary Executable Windows, Mac OS, Linux
CMD Command Script Windows
COM Command File Windows
COMMAND Terminal Command Mac OS
CPL Control Panel Extension Windows
CSH C Shell Script Mac OS, Linux
EXE Executable Windows
GADGET Windows Gadget Windows
INF1 Setup Information File Windows
INS Internet Communication Settings Windows
INX InstallShield Compiled Script Windows
IPA Application iOS
ISU InstallShield Uninstaller Script Windows
JOB Windows Task Scheduler Job File Windows
JSE JScript Encoded File Windows
KSH Unix Korn Shell Script Linux
LNK File Shortcut Windows
MSC Microsoft Common Console Document Windows
MSI Windows Installer Package Windows
MSP Windows Installer Patch Windows
MST Windows Installer Setup Transform File Windows
OSX Executable Mac OS
OUT Executable Linux
PAF Portable Application Installer File Windows
PIF Program Information File Windows
PRG Executable GEM
PS1 Windows PowerShell Cmdlet Windows
REG Registry Data File Windows
RGS Registry Script Windows
RUN Executable Linux
SCR Screensaver Executable Windows
SCT Windows Scriptlet Windows
SHB Windows Document Shortcut Windows
SHS Shell Scrap Object Windows
U3P U3 Smart Application Windows
VB VBScript File Windows
VBE VBScript Encoded Script Windows
VBS VBScript File Windows
VBSCRIPT Visual Basic Script Windows
WORKFLOW Automator Workflow Mac OS
WS Windows Script Windows
WSF Windows Script Windows
WSH Windows Script Preference Windows

[1] Ili kuexecute INF file, lazima ufungue orodha ya pop-up (kawaida kwa kubonyeza right-click kwenye faili) na uchague Sakinisha (install).

Executable File Extensions Zingine

File extensions zifuatazo zinaweza kutekelezwa tu ikiwa una programu imewekwa (software installed) ambayo hutoa amri zilizomo kwenye faili.

Ikiwa una moja ya programu zilizopo hapa chini kwenye Kompyuta yako, tambua faili zenye extensions zinazohusiana na programu hiyo inaweza kutekelezwa (executable) na Hatari . Ikiwa huna programu maalum iliyowekwa kwajili ya faili hilo na utajaribu kutekeleza faili na ugani(extension) hiyo, ama kosa litaonekana au hakuna chochote kitakachotokea.

Extension Format Program
0XE Renamed Virus File F-Secure Internet Security
73K TI-73 Application TI Connect
89K TI-89 Application TI Connect
A6P Authorware 6 Program File Adobe Authorware
AC GNU Autoconf Script Autoconf
ACC GEM Accessory File Gemulator
ACR ACRobot Script ACRobot
ACTM AutoCAD Action Macro AutoCAD
AHK AutoHotkey Script AutoHotkey
AIR Adobe AIR Installation Package Adobe AIR
APP FoxPro Application Visual FoxPro
ARSCRIPT ArtRage Script ArtRage Studio
AS Adobe Flash ActionScript File Adobe Flash
ASB Alphacam Stone VB Macro Alphacam
AWK AWK Script AWK
AZW2 Kindle Active Content App File Kindle Collection Manager
BEAM Compiled Erlang File Erlang
BTM 4DOS Batch File 4DOS
CEL Celestia Script Celestia
CELX Celestia Script Celestia
CHM Compiled HTML Help File Firefox, IE, Safari
COF MPLAB COFF File MPLAB IDE
CRT Security Certificate Firefox, IE, Chrome, Safari
DEK Eavesdropper Batch File Eavesdropper
DLD EdLog Compiled Program Edlog
DMC Medical Manager Script Sage Medical Manager
DOCM Word Macro-Enabled Document Microsoft Word
DOTM Word Macro-Enabled Template Microsoft Word
DXL Rational DOORS Script Rational DOORS
EAR Java Enterprise Archive File Apache Geronimo
EBM EXTRA! Basic Macro EXTRA!
EBS E-Run 1.x Script E-Prime (v1)
EBS2 E-Run 2.0 Script E-Prime (v2)
ECF SageCRM Component File SageCRM
EHAM ExtraHAM Executable HAM Programmer Toolkit
ELF Nintendo Wii Game File Dolphin Emulator
ES SageCRM Script SageCRM
EX4 MetaTrader Program File MetaTrader
EXOPC ExoPC Application EXOfactory
EZS EZ-R Stats Batch Script EZ-R Stats
FAS Compiled Fast-Load AutoLISP File AutoCAD
FKY FoxPro Macro Visual FoxPro
FPI FPS Creator Intelligence Script FPS Creator
FRS Flash Renamer Script Flash Renamer
FXP FoxPro Compiled Program Visual FoxPro
GS Geosoft Script Oasis Montaj
HAM HAM Executable Ham Runtime
HMS HostMonitor Script HostMonitor
HPF HP9100A Program File HP9100A Emulator
HTA HTML Application Internet Explorer
IIM iMacro Macro iMacros (Firefox Add-on)
IPF SMS Installer Script Microsoft SMS
ISP Internet Communication Settings Microsoft IIS
JAR Java Archive Firefox, IE, Chrome, Safari
JS JScript Executable Script Firefox, IE, Chrome, Safari
JSX ExtendScript Script Adobe ExtendScript Toolkit
KIX KiXtart Script KiXtart
LO Interleaf Compiled Lisp File QuickSilver
LS LightWave LScript File LightWave
MAM Access Macro-Enabled Workbook Microsoft Access
MCR 3ds Max Macroscript or Tecplot Macro 3ds Max
MEL Maya Embedded Language File Maya 2013
MPX FoxPro Compiled Menu Program Visual FoxPro
MRC mIRC Script mIRC
MS 3ds Max Script 3ds Max
MS Maxwell Script Maxwell Render
MXE Macro Express Playable Macro Macro Express
NEXE Chrome Native Client Executable Chrome
OBS ObjectScript Script ObjectScript
ORE Ore Executable Ore Runtime Environment
OTM Outlook Macro Microsoft Outlook
PEX ProBoard Executable ProBoard BBS
PLX Perl Executable ActivePerl or Microsoft IIS
POTM PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Design Template Microsoft PowerPoint
PPAM PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Add-in Microsoft PowerPoint
PPSM PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Slide Show Microsoft PowerPoint
PPTM PowerPoint Macro-Enabled Presentation Microsoft PowerPoint
PRC Palm Resource Code File Palm Desktop
PVD Instalit Script Instalit
PWC PictureTaker File PictureTaker
PYC Python Compiled File Python
PYO Python Optimized Code Python
QPX FoxPro Compiled Query Program Visual FoxPro
RBX Rembo-C Compiled Script Rembo Toolkit
ROX Actuate Report Object Executable eReport
RPJ Real Pac Batch Job File Real Pac
S2A SEAL2 Application SEAL
SBS SPSS Script SPSS
SCA Scala Script Scala Designer
SCAR SCAR Script SCAR
SCB Scala Published Script Scala Designer
SCRIPT Generic Script Original Scripting Engine1
SMM Ami Pro Macro Ami Pro
SPR FoxPro Generated Screen File Visual FoxPro
TCP Tally Compiled Program Tally Developer
THM Thermwood Macro Mastercam
TLB OLE Type Library Microsoft Excel
TMS Telemate Script Telemate
UDF Excel User Defined Function Microsoft Excel
UPX Ultimate Packer for eXecutables File Ultimate Packer for eXecutables
URL Internet Shortcut Firefox, IE, Chrome, Safari
VLX Compiled AutoLISP File AutoCAD
VPM Vox Proxy Macro Vox Proxy
WCM WordPerfect Macro WordPerfect
WIDGET Yahoo! Widget Yahoo! Widgets
WIZ Microsoft Wizard File Microsoft Word
WPK WordPerfect Macro WordPerfect
WPM WordPerfect Macro WordPerfect
XAP Silverlight Application Package Micrsoft Silverlight
XBAP XAML Browser Application Firefox, IE
XLAM Excel Macro-Enabled Add-In Microsoft Excel
XLM Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook Microsoft Excel
XLSM Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook Microsoft Excel
XLTM Excel Macro-Enabled Template Microsoft Excel
XQT SuperCalc Macro CA SuperCalc
XYS XYplorer Script XYplorer
ZL9 Renamed Virus File ZoneAlarm

[1] Kwa “Original Scripting Engine” namaanisha programu yoyote iliyounda script. Haiwezekani kuorodhesha, na kuendelea kuweka updates,ya  idadi ya injini za script ambazo zinaweza kutumia file extensions hizi.

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